THEORY, TECHNIQUES AND DIDACTICS OF WINTER SPORTS

Degree course: 
Corso di First cycle degree in Movement science
Academic year when starting the degree: 
2015/2016
Year: 
2
Academic year in which the course will be held: 
2016/2017
Course type: 
Compulsory subjects, characteristic of the class
Credits: 
3
Period: 
Second semester
Standard lectures hours: 
24
Detail of lecture’s hours: 
Lesson (24 hours)
Requirements: 

PREREQUISITES:

No requisites are required

Final Examination: 
Orale

ASSESSMENT METHOD

Oral examination based on questions related to the programme

Assessment: 
Voto Finale

COURSE AIMS:

Knowing theory, techniques and teaching methods of some winter sport disciplines

Learning all necessary tools for a proper athletic training with regard to the type of sport in question, taking into consideration the age of the subject

Knowing the importance of functional training

COURSE CONTENTS:

1° Introduction to the course of Technical Theory and Teaching of Winter Sports

Introduction to the course of Technical Theory and Winter Sports Teaching – Historical background - I.F.W.S (F.I.S.I) - Snow Sports - Sports on Ice - I.F.W.S (F.I.S.I) and its disciplines - Olympics - Winter Olympic Games

2° Downhill Skiing

The basic technique - Methodology - Basic motor patterns- Abilities - Skills - Skiing and its characteristics - Technical skills - Analysis of the tool used by the skier - Glossary of technical terms – Balance in skiing

3° Psychological characteristics of the skier

Concentration and flexible attentive Focus – Visualization skills- Tactic Skills - Error response - Motivation - Determination

4° Kids and skiing practice from first steps to agonism

The child and his characteristics - The child and the ski school - The childhood from 5 to 7 years old- The childhood from 8 to 11 years old - The pre-adolescent…no more kid, but boy - Competitive level categories- Types of races - Specialization in different categories – The teaching - Athletes management in youth sector - Teaching Methodology

5° Ski racing

Feet position during the turn technique - The main movements - The 4 transversal balances at all levels - Physical forces - Muscles and forces - The competitive turn technique - Shift phase – Downhill skiing specialties; technical analysis and training methodology -Giant GS -Special SL -Descent DH- Super Giant SG- Super combined

6° The athletic training in Downhill Skiing

Planning of athletic training related to athletes - Pre-ski Lessons related to a group of adults - The method and the training planning- Practice exercise

7° Snowboarding

Introduction – The four movements – Laterality – The tool - Balances – The technique; Sliding; Edges; Changes of directions; Turn technique sequences; Grabbing; Rotations, Spins rotations; Slining - Baby snowboarder – Freeride – Freestyle – Snowboarder cross

8° Aspects of athletic training in snowboarding

Methods of training – Aspects of athletic training in different specialties of snowboarding – The balance – Muscle elasticity and joint mobility – PNF

9° Cross-country skiing

The effectiveness of technical movements – Historical background – Techniques: skated and skating; changing direction in cross-country skiing and downhill technique – The equipment

10° Athletic cross-country skiing

Aspects characterizing the athletic training in cross-country skiing – Motivations – The super compensation – the cyclical organization of the stimulus –The planning – A session of athletic training – Insights: ATP and energetic sources, the energetic mechanisms or metabolic pathways – The aerobic training and its functional adaptations – Max VO2 – Some tests to deduce the VO2 max – Training Renge – Charter of Children Fundamental Rights in Sports

11° The functional training

Functional training – Core – Core Training – Practice exercise: let’s build together a functional training for downhill skiing

12° Athletic Tests

The importance of tests - Essential requirements of a test – Test classification – Factors that may influence test results - Performance Evaluation tests ( some examples )

TEACHING MATERIAL

Slides

TEACHING METHODS

Frontal lessons through theoretical explanations, related to practical aspects, using videos, real examples and specific exercises in the classroom

RECEPTION HOURS:

At the end of the lessons

Professors

CAGLIONI MASSIMILIANO