INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY

Degree course: 
Corso di Second cycle degree in Chemistry
Academyc year when starting the degree: 
2014/2015
Year: 
1
Academyc year when helding the course: 
2014/2015
Course type: 
Compulsory subjects, characteristic of the class
Credits: 
8
Period: 
Second semester
Standard lectures hours: 
80
Detail of lecture’s hours: 
Lesson (80 hours)
Requirements: 

Students who access the course already possess the basic requirements for the understanding of the topics covered. In detail, General Chemistry, thermodynamics, organic chemistry, analytical chemistry, Fundamentals of mathematics.

Assessment: 
Voto Finale

The course aims to introduce students to the problems of industrialization of a chemical reaction, evaluating both the purely scientific-technological aspects both economic and environmental impact. The topics selected for the course are organized so that the student can use them and implement them gradually as to be able to solve, more and more independently, the problems. The course aims not so much to give a series of notions, but to put students in a position to be able to find the points of contact between the various disciplines that span the world of industrial chemistry in order to recognize and address the diverse issues that can occur within a chemical process. Therefore, it will not only be addressed project challenges but also check with particular attention to safety in the workplace and in industrial processes. Students can put into practice the study of some of the aspects dealt during the lecture by conducting laboratory experiences.
Learning assessment consists of a written and an oral test. The written test is a problem linked to the analysis of a chemical reaction until the formulation of a flow sheet or a problem of financial statements. The oral examination is directed to evaluate the reasoning ability and managerial autonomy of the student faced with a situation that requires a multidisciplinary approach. Topics covered during the workshop hours will be verified by a report.

The course includes an examination of the following issues:
a. STRUCTURE OF THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY – will be dealt the basic aspects of the structure of the chemical industry, starting with a brief historical overview. In particular will be discussed: from raw materials to products; the chemistry of coal, petroleum and natural gas; the economic bases of the chemical industry and economy of a process; the intellectual property. (6 hours)
b. CREATING A FLOW SHEET – rules and strategies to analyze a chemical reaction of industrial interest; designing a provisional scheme of an industrial process. Types of chemical reactors. The system of recycling. The strategies of separation and purification of products. (10 hours)
c. KINETIC – RECALLS the kinetic equation; first-order kinetics and advanced-orders kinetics, complex kinetics and reactions in series and in parallel; application of Kinetic equations in economic evaluation of a process. (8 hours)
d. SIZE OF CHEMICAL REACTOR –project equations ideals reactor (BATCH – CSTR, PFR); how kinetic affects the size and the size of the costs. (4 hours)
e. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS of matter and energy – the balance equation; application of balance of matter and energy in simplified chemical processes. (10 hours)
f. FUNDAMENTALS OF CATALYSIS – the concept of catalyst and Catalysis; the activation energy and the theory of activated complex; the adsorption process; the kinetics for catalytic reactions and efficiency, problems with internal and external resistance; classes of catalysts; homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis; synthetic strategies and characterization of catalytic systems. (10 hours)
g. CATALYTIC REACTIONS IN THE INDUSTRY– oxidation; reductions, acid-base catalysis; disabling a catalyst (5 hours)
h. CHEMICAL PROCESS’ SAFETY-hints (3 hours)
Practical laboratory tests require the application of some of the fundamental laws explained during the course. The course includes frontal lectures and activities in the laboratory.

The course material consists of booklets given in class. Booklets contain the bibliography required to deepen the topics covered. The exam is divided into written and oral test. The mark will be expressed in thirtieths. Both the written and the oral examination are considered passed by a grade of 18/30. You will have access to the oral test after passing the written test. The final grade will be the average of the two votes.

Professors