CLINICAL ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY

Degree course: 
Corso di Long single cycle degree (6 years) in Medicine and Surgery
Academyc year when starting the degree: 
2014/2015
Year: 
6
Academyc year when helding the course: 
2019/2020
Credits: 
6
Period: 
First Semester
Standard lectures hours: 
48
Requirements: 

Knowledge of anatomy of the musculoskeletal system, human physiology, pathophysiology and general pathology.

The final exam will be articulated as an oral exam including the evaluation by a commission of teachers of the integrated course. The final grade will take into account the knowledge acquired, the ability to link together this knowledge, the expressive skills and the specific attitude of the student relative to all the subjects covered in the integrated course.

Assessment: 
Voto Finale

During the course the student will acquire knowledge and skills in the field of musculoskeletal pathology and related treatment principles. In particular, he will acquire knowledge that will allow him to understand the diagnostic, differential diagnostic and treatment principles of the main orthopedic and traumatological pathologies. The student will also be asked to acquire, in relation to the topics covered, appropriateness of language, learning and communication skills as necessary tools for understanding and transmitting the competences object of the course. These skills will allow the student to discern and then practically apply the principles of clinical practice and the indications for conservative and / or surgical treatment of the main diseases of congenital, evolutionary, inflammatory, degenerative, neoplastic and traumatic origin, in independent judgment. of the musculoskeletal system.

The course will focus on the main pathologies of congenital, evolutionary, inflammatory degenerative, neoplastic and traumatological origin. The criterion adopted will be that of relevance in clinical practice, focusing in particular on the most frequently encountered and socio-economic relevant issues. For each topic conservative and surgical treatment, prevention and rehabilitation will be addressed. The risk factors involved in the determinism of the pathologies, the clinical, instrumental and laboratory screening tests will therefore be examined in detail for each pathology. Particular attention will then be given to the clinical aspects of diagnosis and differential diagnosis of musculoskeletal pain and related principles of treatment.

Pathologies of congenital origin: congenital dysplasia of the hip, congenital club foot and congenital torticollis.
Developmental disorders: Kyphosis and Scoliosis, para/dysmorphisms of the limbs, osteocondrodysplasia / dystrophies and osteochondrosis.
Pathologies of inflammatory origin: rheumatoid and seronegative arthritis, septic arthritis, hemorrhagic arthritis, osteomyelitis.
Pathologies of degenerative origin: arthrosis, degenerative disc disease, lumbar stenosis, tendinopathies, radiculopathies and syndromes and hemisindromes of cauda equina, canalicular syndromes. Joint prosthetic replacement surgery.
Pathologies of neoplastic origin: primitive, benign and malignant neoplasia, metastatic musculoskeletal disease.
Traumatological pathology: Overview of fractures and systematics of the main fractures of the limbs and of the axial skeleton. Elderly fractures and osteoporosis, developmental age fractures and physeal fractures. Compartmental syndrome. Physiology of bone healing. Delays, defects of consolidation and pseudoarthrosis. Muscle, ligament and tendon injuries. Joint dislocations.

Manuale di ortopedia e traumatologia, di Grassi, Pazzaglia, Pilato, Zatti ed Elsevier.
Complimentary slides/notes will be distributed during lessons

The course will be structured with lectures followed by a moment, at the end of each lesson, for discussion, questions and insights on the topics covered.

Professors will receive students weekly, by appointment through the University email.

Modules