FENOMENOLOGIA DELLE PARTICELLE ELEMENTARI

Degree course: 
Corso di Second cycle degree in Physics
Academic year when starting the degree: 
2014/2015
Year: 
1
Academic year in which the course will be held: 
2014/2015
Course type: 
Compulsory subjects, characteristic of the class
Credits: 
6
Period: 
Second semester
Standard lectures hours: 
48
Detail of lecture’s hours: 
Lesson (48 hours)
Requirements: 

Knowledge of nuclear physics, quantum physics, electromagnetism and special relativity.

Assessment: 
Voto Finale

The aim of the course is to give students an introduction to the phenomenology of elementary particle physics, the interaction between the two major spheres of activity, which are, on the one hand, the development of the theory that describes the subnuclear world and, on the other, the experimental work aiming to test the goodness of this description and to discover new as yet unknown aspects.

• Discrete Symmetries
 Parity violation in weak interactions
 V – A formulation of the weak currents
 Cabibbo theory
 GIM mechanism and the CKM matrix.
 CP violation in the Standard Model
• Hadron Physics
 Gell-Mann - SU(3)
 The strong interaction and QCD
 ep machines and DIS
 Feynman's quark-parton model
 Asymptotic freedom
• The "New" particles
 Cosmic rays and the first discoveries
 e+ e– machines
 Discovery of c and b quarks and tau lepton
 p and ¯p machines
 Discovery of the W± and Z0 bosons and the t quark
• The Standard Model
 Fundamental particles and forces
 Spontaneous symmetry breaking (Higgs)
 B meson physics
 Measurement of CP violation
 Proton decay
• Beyond the Standard Model
 General problems
 Neutrino oscillation and mixing
 SuSy
 GUT
 Beyond 4 dimensions
Lectures, including both illustration of the theory and applications with examples.

Teaching materials will be made available to students on the e-learning platform and on the website http://scienzecomo.uninsubria.it/phil/Corsi/
Recommended but not compulsory texts: D. Perkins, “Introduction to High Energy Physics” (CUP, 2000); F. Halzen & A. Martin, “Quarks and Leptons” (Wiley, 1984); Povh et al., “Particles and Nuclei” (Springer, 1995).
Oral examination in which the more conceptual aspects of the program are discussed together with the illustration of some concrete example.