# PHYSICS

Basic knowledge of calculus.

1. The main purpose is to ensure that the student learns the fundamental laws of classical physics.

2. More generally, the course aims to contribute to studentâ€™s comprehension of the scientific method.

3. In particular, we want the student learn to analyze, address and solve independently problems of the basic physics that will be proposed during the course.

Basic tools

Methodology of measurement in physics. Vector calculus. Scalar product and vector product.

Kinematics of a particle

Speed and acceleration. Rectilinear motions. Motion in a plane. Circular motions. Relative motion kinematics.

Dynamics of a particle

The principle of inertia. The laws of dynamics. Frictions. Harmonic motions. Small oscillations. Universal gravitation. Apparent forces.

Conservation laws

Work and energy. Conservative forces. Impulse and momentum. Angular momentum. Systems of particles. Newtonâ€™s laws for a system of particles. Elastic collisions. Inelastic collisions.

Mechanics of rigid body

Rotation of a rigid body. General motion of a rigid body. Statics of rigid bodies.

Fluid mechanics

Pressure. Statics of fluids. Fluid dynamics.

Electrostatics

The electrical charge. The electric field. Flow of a vector. Gauss's theorem. Applications of Gauss theorem. The electrostatic potential. Stokes' theorem. The electrostatic field in conductors. Capacitance. Capacitors. Capacitors and dielectrics.

Electrodynamics

The electric current. Conservation of electric charge. Ohm's laws. The Joule effect. The electromotive force. Kirchhoff's laws. RC circuits.

Magnetostatics

The magnetic field. Magnetic action on a current. The law of Biot and Savart. Magnetic induction flux. AmpÃ¨re's theorem. Applications of AmpÃ¨re's theorem.

Electromagnetic induction

Faraday's law. The induced electric field. General Law of electromagnetic induction. Lenz's law and conservation of energy. RL circuits. Induced magnetic fields. Maxwell's equations. Electromagnetic waves. LC Circuits. RLC Circuits.

Lectures, during which the theoretical concepts of the course will be introduced and exercises solved.

Bibliography:

D. Halliday, R. Resnick, J. Walker, Fondamenti di Fisica. Meccanica, termologia, elettrologia, magnetismo, ottica (CEA).

The examination will consist of exercises and questions whose purpose will be to verify the level of knowledge and understanding of physical laws and the ability to apply what has been learnt to solve problems.