ENVIRONMENTAL AND OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
Basics of mathematics, physics, organic and inorganic chemistry, biology. Reading and oral comprehension of English is highly recommended.
Aims and learning outcomes
The course aims at supplying the basics of hygiene and prevention at workplace and in living environments. The concepts of prevention, hazard, risk and outcome will be explored, in light of the risk assessment for human health and the environment.
The course is designed to provide an understanding of the main environmental contaminants and of sampling and analytical methods for assessing the corresponding acute, sub-acute and chronic exposures in humans. Furthermore, the course is intended to provide a broad perspective of safety and prevention, ranging from the regulatory framework to the theoretical and substantial aspect of risk assessment for the protection of human health and environment.
Final examination consisting in an oral or written examination will be based on at least 3 topics related to the course arguments. Questions will be based on the syllabus and the final score will be based on comprehension (25%), capacity to apply theoretical concepts to real cases (25%), autonomy of judgement (15%), communication skills - correct terminology (15%) and learning abilities (20%).
Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention
Hazard, risk, exposure and health outcomes
Chemical risk: classification of risk factors (CLP), risk assessment process, TLVs and occupational exposure limits, environmental and biological monitoring, sampling strategies. Environmental monitoring: gases and vapours, dusts and fibres; biological monitoring (IBE, susceptibility indices).
Physical risk factors: noise and vibrations, ionizing and non-ionizing radiations, microclimate, electromagnetic fields.
Biological risk factors: bacteria, viruses and fungi. Infectious potential, risk profiles, sampling.
Other subjects: indoor air quality (IAQ); atmospheric pollution (particulate matter); legislation for the prevention in living and work environments; individual and collective prevention; environmental impact – regulations; impacts of human activities on soil, water, air and corresponding human impact through the different absorption routes; exposure assessment in human populations; total exposure assessment; IPPC and national regulations; REACH, CLP and GHS regulations; risk management; exposure and dispersion modelling.
A pdf booklet and lesson slides will be provided to the students (e-learning environment).
• Vito Foà, Luigi Ambrosi: Medicina del lavoro – UTET Editore -2006
• Filippo Cassano, Ingrid Aloise, Piero Bavaro: Compendio di igiene industriale. Rischi fisici e chimici. Il sopralluogo e descrizione di alcuni cicli tecnologici - Adriatica Divisione Arte, 2010
• Lorenzo Alessio, Pietro Apostoli: Manuale di medicina del lavoro e igiene industriale– Piccin-Nuova Libraria – 2009
• Wayne R. Ott, Anne C. Steinemann, Lance A. Wallace: Exposure Analysis – CRC Press – 2007