GENERAL LINGUISTICS

Degree course: 
Corso di First cycle degree in INTERCULTURAL AND INTERLINGUISTIC MEDIATION
Academic year when starting the degree: 
2021/2022
Year: 
1
Academic year in which the course will be held: 
2021/2022
Course type: 
Basic compulsory subjects
Seat of the course: 
Como - Università degli Studi dell'Insubria
Language: 
Italian
Credits: 
8
Period: 
First Semester
Standard lectures hours: 
48
Detail of lecture’s hours: 
Lesson (48 hours)
Requirements: 

None.

Final Examination: 
Orale

The exam is in written form. It contains up to 16 exercises and questions dealing with the course main topics. It typically contains one or more IPA transcription exercises, as well as exercises in morphological and syntactic analysis. The analysis of materials from unknown languages is also possible.

Assessment: 
Voto Finale

The module will deal with the structure and functioning of natural languages at different levels of analysis (sounds, words, clauses, sentences, meanings). Particular attention will be paid to language change and variation, to language typology and to the genealogical classifications of languages.

The module will enable students to apply these descriptive notions to the analysis of real language materials and situations, a necessary prerequisite to the study of foreign languages.

- Introduction to the notion of language
- Phonetics and phonology
- Morphology and word formation
- Lexicon
- Syntax
- Semantics
- Pragmatics

What is linguistics? A short history of the discipline. Saussure. Synchrony and diachrony. Jakobson. Martinet. Chomsky. Competence and performance.
Articulatory phonetics. The International Phonetic Alphabet. Phonology. Suprasegmental phenomena.
Morphology. The notion of word. Inflection, derivation, composition. Morphological typology.
Syntax. Dependency and constituency. Coordination and subordination. Valency, semantic roles and syntactic functions. Syntactic typology. Greenberg and language universals. Ergative vs. nominative alignment.
Semantics (both lexical and non-lexical).
Pragmatics. Speech acts. Grice’s conversational maxims.
Basic notions of historical linguistics (the comparative method), dialectology (dialects in Italy) and sociolinguistics (the social variability of language).

- Slides;

- N. Grandi, F. Masini (a c. di), Tutto ciò che hai sempre voluto sapere sul linguaggio e sulle lingue. Cesena: Caissa Italia, 2017;

- G. Berruto-M.Cerruti, 2011. La Linguistica. Un corso introduttivo. Torino: Utet.

Convenzionale

Lectures (50 hours).
Though not obligatory, attendance on a regular basis is strongly recommended.

Laboratory (approx. 20 hours).
In laboratory classes, the students will learn how to apply descriptive notions to the analysis of real language materials.

Office hours: by appointment only (please write an email to andrea.sanso@uninsubria.it)

Professors