Degree course: 
Corso di First cycle degree in Nursing
Academic year when starting the degree: 
Academic year in which the course will be held: 
Course type: 
Basic compulsory subjects
Seat of the course: 
Como - Università degli Studi dell'Insubria
Standard lectures hours: 
Detail of lecture’s hours: 
Lesson (30 hours)
Voto Finale

Chemistry and Biochemistry:
Aqueous solutions
Acid base balance
Organic compounds
Amino acids and general structure of proteins.
Kinetics and enzymatic reactions.
Oxidative phosphorylation.
Carbohydrate, lipid, amino acid and nitrogen compounds metabolism.
Nucleic acids.
Metabolic interactions.


Chemistry and biochemistry:
1) Aqueous solutions: water, solvation and electrolytic dissociation, hydrogen bonding, concentration of solutions
2) Acid base balance: definitions (strength of acids and bases pH, pK), buffer solutions, Handerson-Hasselbalch equation, physiological buffers
3) Organic compounds, classification and functional groups: alcohol, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, amines. Nomenclature and main characteristics. Main types of isomerism. Aromatic compounds.
4) Amino acids and general structure of proteins. Collagen. Myoglobin and hemoglobin. Cooperativity and allosterism.
5) Kinetics of reactions: enzymes and kinetics of enzymatic reactions
6) Bioenergetics: principles of thermodynamics. Free energy and spontaneous reactions. High energy bonds, redox potentials, redox pairs of particular biological importance.
7) Oxidative phosphorylation, tricarboxylic acid cycle, aerobic and anaerobic metabolism
8) Carbohydrates. Monosaccharides and polysaccharides. Glycogen metabolism.
9) Glycolysis, Gluconeogenesis and their regulation, pentose pathway.
10) Lipids. Fatty acids, triglycerides and phospholipids; beta oxidation.
11) Biosynthesis of fatty acids and triglycerides; Cholesterol and steroid hormones. Lipoprotein metabolism.
12) The general metabolism of amino acids and nitrogen compounds. Transamination, oxidative deamination, ammonium ion and urea cycle.
13) Nucleic acids. Nitrogen bases and nucleotides and their metabolism.
14) Metabolic interactions: blood glucose control, post-prandial phase and fasting, biochemical aspects of diabetes. Vitamins, iron metabolism, transfer of monocarbon units.

Chemistry and Biochemistry:
The exam program topics are all covered during the lessons, and the related contents are available on the e-learning pages of the course.
It is therefore not necessary to use a particular textbook, each student can choose whether to consult one (the one he prefers) if it helps him, or not, if he risks losing himself.

Among those available I suggest:
M. Samaja, R. Paroni - Chimica e Biochimica per le lauree triennali dell’area biomedica – Piccin editore
Champe PC, Harvey RA, Ferrier DR – Le basi della biochimica – Zanichelli (wider and more articulated).

Chemistry and Biochemistry:
the course takes place through lectures, usually of 2 hours each, which cover the entire exam program.
Exercises, handouts and on-line discussions of the course topics are also available through the e-learning platform.

The teacher is available for appointments, insights and clarifications by writing to