History of Medieval and Modern Law

Degree course: 
Corso di Long single cycle degree (5 years) in GIURISPRUDENZA VA
Academic year when starting the degree: 
Academic year in which the course will be held: 
Course type: 
Basic compulsory subjects
First Semester
Standard lectures hours: 
Detail of lecture’s hours: 
Lesson (60 hours)

Not required. It is advisable a knowledge of Private Law and Constitutional Law.

Final Examination: 

Final Examination:
Oral and/or written examination.
The actual degree of knowledge reached by the students will be assessed with a final oral examination about the entire course, and the mark will be in fractions of 30. The examining board is established according to the current academic rules. The final examination will run as follow: first, a question of general contents; then a number of questions on more specific issues, as to ascertain the acquisition of the notions requested (60%); the appropriate understanding and use of legal terminology (20%), the ability in logic and discourse structuring (20%). Students, as they reply to questions, should respect the linkage of the historical events as well as the historical evolution of principles and rules of law, and should demonstrate to be able to make connections and comparisons between the various subject treated.

Voto Finale

This course aims to offer an overview of the evolution of the Italian and European Law from the fall of the Roman Empire to the XVIII century. The course aims to highlight the various perspectives of the law over time, emphasizing the connections between the legal aspects and socio-political aspects in different historical contexts. It will highlight some controversal aspects of justice, criminal law, civil law, constitutional law.
At the end of the course the student must know how to move with appropriate language in the different historical periods, grasping their peculiarities in terms of institutions, sources of law, role of law and jurist.

The Course moves from a broad overview of the Justinian Corpus Iuris Civilis, basis of the renewal of law in the Middle Ages, and then moves on to the system of rights of the early Middle Ages until the eighteenth century:
the Justinian Corpus Iuris Civilis and the Roman Empire; the system of law in the High Middle Ages and in the Roman-German Kingdoms; the birth of the institutions and the law of the Catholic Church; the Holy Roman Empire; the feudal system; the city-states and the first monarchic States; the Universities and the rediscovery of Justinian Corpus Iuris, with the Glossators first and the Commentators later; the “consilia” and the “communis opinio”; the Humanism and the so-called “Scuola Culta”; the absolutistic States and the Great Tribunals; the doctrine of Natural Law; the XVIII century.

As for the Corpus Iuris Civilis a specific lecture note will be made available to students on the e-learning platforms.


Lessons will be online (Microsoft Teams) and held whit PowerPoint; sources and documents will be uploaded to e-learning platform.

Professors are available to talk on an appointment through Teams and for e-mail contacts.