Degree course: 
Academic year when starting the degree: 
Academic year in which the course will be held: 
Second semester
Standard lectures hours: 

No prerequisite is required.

Final Examination: 

Attending students are allowed, at the end of each of the two modules, to take an optional written examination on the topics taught during classes; for each module attending students will be admitted to pass a test. If the outcome, calculated by averaging the results of the tests of the two modules, is positive, the student will be able to take a shorter oral examination, aimed at confirming or varying the already awarded grade.
The final examination will be oral, both for attending students who did not take the optional examination and for non-attending students.

Voto Finale

The course of Elements of law aims to teach students the basic knowledge in the field of Italian public and private law. The course consists of two distinct modules: Elements of public law and Elements of private law.
The first module aims to provide students with knowledge needed for understanding the way public institutions do operate and also to provide them with some essential methodological tools for analysing political and institutional dynamics, also with regard to the European Union dimension.
The second module provides students with an overall knowledge of Italian private legal system, its fundamental institutes and relative discipline. The main objective of the teaching is to allow students to acquire a frame of legal concepts, notions and terminology based on an in-depth understanding of scopes and functions of legal institutes.
Although the two modules are distinct, they are mutually coordinated and both are an
integral part of the course.
At the end of the course, students are expected to acquire the following skills:
1. Knowledge and understanding of the basics of Italian public and private law. In particular, students are expected to develop the capacity to understand basic legal concepts, being able to link them together.
2. These basic knowledges will allow students to better understand the institutional dynamics in which the different legal traditions operate and develop.
3. Moreover, the specific competences so acquired are expected to provide students with those basic skills necessary for translation and legal comparison.

The topics that will be specifically treated during the lessons are the following:

Module of Elements of public law

The module of Elements of public law focuses on the basics of the Italian constitutional system with special regard to the sources of law, the institutional organization of the State, the inviolable freedoms and the organization of the Italian Regions.
The program, in particular, is structured as follows:
1. Introduction. 2. Forms of State and forms of government. 3. Supranational organizations and European Institutions. 5. The Parliament. 6. The Government. 7. The President of the Republic. 8. The Judiciary. 9. The Constitutional Court. 10. Regions and local Authorities. 11. The public Administration. 12. Individual and collective freedoms.

Module of Elementi di private law

The course of Private Law focuses on fundamental legal concepts and notions typical of the Italian legal system.
The program, in particular, is structured as follows:
1. legal system and interpretation of the law. 2. Physical and legal persons. 3. Goods and property law. 4. Introduction on obligations. 5. Sources of obligations. 6. Tort law. 7. Contract law.

The textbooks for the examination are the following ones:
- For the module of Elements of public law: M. D’Amico, G. D’Elia, Diritto costituzionale, Franco Angeli, Milano, 2012;
- For the module of Elements of private law: F. Galgano, Istituzioni di diritto privato, Cedam, Padova, last edition available, or P. Trimarchi, Istituzioni di diritto privato, Giuffrè, Milano, last edition available.
It is essential to consult an updated edition of the Italian Civil Code and the Complementary Legislation (for example the Civil Code edited by G. De Nova, Zanichelli, Bologna).

Classes take place exclusively through lectures during which the teacher from time to time involves students so to verify their understanding of the concepts explained. In order to actively involve students and refine their critical reasoning skills, the teacher promotes moments of discussion in the classroom. The lessons will take place in attendance, except for prolonged emergency measures linked to Covid 19. In this case, online classes and distant learning will be ensured by means of the telematic supports provided by the University.

Lecturers’ office hours are posted on the Notice Board page of the Department’s website. Both lecturers are available at any time to address individual student questions at: