PHILOSOPHIES OF THE 20TH CENTURY

Degree course: 
Corso di First cycle degree in History and Stories of the Contemporary World
Academyc year when starting the degree: 
2019/2020
Year: 
1
Academyc year when helding the course: 
2019/2020
Course type: 
Compulsory subjects, characteristic of the class
Credits: 
8
Period: 
First Semester
Standard lectures hours: 
64
Detail of lecture’s hours: 
Lesson (64 hours)
Requirements: 

No prerequisite is foreseen

Final Examination: 
Orale

The only oral final test is planned, during which the following will be evaluated:
- the ability to properly understand the reading of a text;
- adequate knowledge of examination texts;
- the ability to develop one's own independent critical reflection.
During the interview, the acquisition and correct understanding of the contents of the texts to be studied in full will be ascertained. On the contents of the examination texts, two specific questions will be asked which will cover the assessment of the ability of interdisciplinary critical analysis and autonomy of judgment.
You will also need to know the topics in your text of your choice (at least one question). The final vote will take into account the accuracy and quality of the responses (70%), as well as the communication skills shown during the interview (10%) and the ability to adequately justify claims, analyses and judgments (20%).

Assessment: 
Voto Finale

The course aims to define and analyze philosophical reflection with an integrated, historical, philosophical and narrative approach to contemporary, able to deal with, with adequate critical capacity, philosophical themes. For this reason, the course aims to provide the main methodological tools useful for understanding the specific cultural context of the 20th century, fostering a plurality of hermeneutic approaches that, especially in the contemporary age, have philosophical reflection. A special attention will be given to the critical analysis of the texts with the aim of grasping the essential lines, as well as the development of the different conceptual forms and the explicitness of the different categories and the examination of the language used Author taken into account
Through a direct relationship with the sources (in all its formats) a critical understanding of the texts taken into account is favoured in the learner, favoring a historical and conceptual deepening in comparative and interdisciplinary form as a tool conceptual understanding of the qualifying changes of the contemporary world. This promotes a hermeneutic approach that can adopt forms of analysis and critical skills specific to contemporary philosophical reflection

The course will cover the theme Antonio Gramsci and the philosophy of practice and will specifically analyze the following topics: the philosophy of praxis developed by Gramsci in his prison reflection, bearing in mind of course the precise historical context in which this reflection has developed and started, putting in mind a reflection that is one of the most original contributions to which the Italian reflection of the 20th century has come. To understand Gramsci's work and thought, it will of course be necessary to bear in mind the October Revolution promoted by Lenin and the many historical conditions that have seen the birth of a political program aimed at the social redemption of subordinates. In this historical and theoretical framework will be precise the new theory of Marxism developed by Gramsci, paying adequate attention to a key concept of his reflection, that of hegemony. But the critical re-reading of the Resurgence as a "revolution without revolution" progressively matured by Gramsci in his effort to understand the reasons that contributed to the rise of fascism will also be held in the debt. The gramcian reflection on the modern Prince, and his parallel need to critically connect historiography and political science will also allow to clarify the Gramcian conception of history and its decidedly anti-theological meaning and anti-metaphysical.

Learning outcomes include
• Knowledge of the conceptual notion of practice
• The ability to read a text critically, inserting it within its precise theoretical context
• Ability to explain the different traditions of thought present within a given theoretical proposal
• Ability to grasp the open problems of the texts studied
• The ability to apply the acquired knowledge independently, in order to initiate a self-contained critical reflection on the open problems of the contemporary

Mandatory reference texts:
- A. Gramsci, Lettere dal carcere, a cura di Sergio Caprifoglio e Elsa Fubini, Einaudi, Torino 1965 (e successive ristampe)
- A. Gramsci, Quaderni del carcere, edizione critica dell’Istituto Gramsci, a cura di Valentino Gerratana, Einaudi, Torino 1975, 4 voll. (e successive ristampe), limitatamente ai seguenti Quaderni: n. 9; n. 10; n. 11; n. 12; n. 13 e n. 22
- Angelo D’Orsi, Gramsci. Una nuova biografia, Feltrinelli, Milano 2017 (riedita nel 2018).A book of choice among the following:
- Cesare Bergami (a cura di), Gramsci raccontato, Edizioni Associate, Roma 1987
- Norberto Bobbio, Saggi su Gramsci, Feltrinelli, Milano 1990
- Alberto Burgio, Gramsci storico. Una lettura dei Quaderni del carcere, Laterza, Roma-Bari 2003
- Luciano Canfora, Gramsci in carcere e il fascismo, Salerno Editrice, Roma 2012
- Francesca Chiaretto, Operazione Gramsci. Alla conquista degli intellettuali nell’Italia del dopoguerra, introduzione di Angelo d’Orsi, Bruno Mondadori, Milano 2011
- Luigi Cortesi, Le origini del PCI. Studi e interventi sulla storia del comunismo in Italia, Franco Angeli, Milano 1999
- Benedetto Croce, Materialismo storico ed economia marxistica; Laterza, Bari 1900 (con innumerevoli riedizioni)
- Franco Fergnani, Antonio Gramsci. La filosofia della prassi nei Quaderni del carcere, a cura di Amedeo Vigorelli e Marzio Zanantoni, Unicopli, Milano 2011
-Eugenio Garin, Con Gramsci, Editori Riuniti, Roma 1997
- Giovanni Gentile, La filosofia di Marx. Studi critici, a cura di Caterina Genna, Le Lettere, Firenze 2012
- Antonio Labriola, La concezione materialistica della storia, a cura e con una introduzione di Eugenio Garin, Laterza, Bari 1965 (con varie ristampe)
- Guido Liguori, Gramsci conteso. Storia di un dibattito, Editori Riuniti University Press, Roma 2012
- Franco Lo Piparo, Lingua, intellettuali, egemonia in Gramsci, Laterza, Roma-.Bari 1979
- Massimo L. Salvadori, Gramsci e il problema storico della democrazia, Einaudi, Torino 1973
- Paolo Spriano, Grtamsci in carcere e il partito, l’Unità, Roma 1988
- Palmiro Togliatti, Gramsci, a cura di Ernesto Ragionieri, Editori Riuniti, Roma 1972
- André Tosel, Étudier Gramsci, Édition Kimé, Paris 2016
- Giuseppe Vacca, Gramsci e Togliatti, Editori Riuniti, Roma 1991
- Giuseppe Vacca, Vita e pensieri di Antonio Gramsci (1926-1937), Einaudi, Torino 2012
- Andrea Viglongo, Gramsci a Torino. Scritti con illustrazioni, a cura di Giovanna e Franca Viglongo, prefazione di Angerlo d’Orsi, Viglongo, Torino 2017

Convenzionale

The training objectives of the course will be achieved through the way of the frontal lessons (for a total of 30 hours), which involve the analytical and collective discussion of the texts taken in direct reference (indicatively for 34 hours).

The reception of the students is carried out after the course of the lesson, at the headquarters of the International Insubric Center, located on the second floor of the Collegio Cattaneo, on the Bizzozero campus. It is advisable to contact the teacher directly via e-mail to agree the exact time, in order to shorten the waiting time.

Professors