Degree course: 
Corso di First cycle degree in Physiotherapy
Academic year when starting the degree: 
Academic year in which the course will be held: 
First Semester
Standard lectures hours: 

basic knowledge of biology, chemistry, histology, anatomy already acquired during high school 2nd grade.

Final Examination: 

PC Test followed by oral examen;
Test: 10 multiple choice questions about all the histology, anatomy characteristic anatomy program; question value: 1 points (no negative notation); total test score 10 points; 6 points: minimum score to be admitted to the oral examen. The test time is of 20 minutes.
Oral examen: students will be evaluated by two professors about all the histology, anatomy characteristic anatomy program.
The total duration of the oral examen will be about 30-45 minutes

Voto Finale

Learning the structural organization of the human body from the macroscopical to the microscopical point of view with their anatomical-clinical applications. Recognize the morphological characteristics of systems, organs, tissues, cells and subcellular structures of human organism.


Cytology: Introduction to the cell
Histology: Epithelial tissue; Connective tissue; blood: plasma and blood cells; Muscle: striated, smooth, cardiac; Nervous tissue


Cardiovascular and lymphatic system
Respiratory system
Digestive apparatus
Urinary system
Male and female reproductive system (mentions)
Endocrine system

General organization of nervous system
Central Nervous System: Spinal chord: white and grey matter; ascending and descending tracts. Encephalic trunk: encephalic nerves (III-XII) nuclei, reticular formation. Cerebellum: functional subdivisions. Cortex. Diencephalum: talamus, hypotalamus, epytalamus. Telencephalus: structure and lobular subdivision. Basal ganglia and internal capsule. Cortical areas of Broadman, motor and sensibility ways. Olphactory and gustative ways (mentions) Meninx, liquor and ventricular system. Willis circle and cerebral circulation. Ear and vestibular apparatus; acoustic ways and vestibular circuits (mentions). Eye and optical ways (mentions).
Peripheral nervous system:
Ganglia: definition and types. Cranial nerves: definition, organization, origin, course and ramifications. Spinal nerves: origin, course, ramifications, plexuses. Autonomic nervous system

Characteristic Anatomy

Osteology: Morphology, macroscopic architecture, classification of bones.
Skull; axil skeleton; upper and lower extremities (mentions).
Arthrology: Classification of joints, articular mechanics. Skull, trunk and extremities joints.
Myology: Muscles of head (mentions); neck; trunk; abdomen; pelvis; extremities.
Peripheral nervous system: cervical, brachial, lumbar and sacral plexus.

see individual teachings

- Anatomia umana- Martini- EdiSes
- Principi di Anatomia umana - Tortora, Nielsen. Casa editrice Ambrosiana
- Anatomia umana.- Saladin- Ed italiana a cura di De Caro R. Piccin
- Anatomia umana. - Platzer vol 1-2-3- Casa ed. Ambrosiana
- Anatomia e Fisiologia. Thibodeau, Patton. Casa editrice Ambrosiana
- Anatomia dell’uomo. Ambrosi et al. Edi-Ermes
- Anatomia umana. Bareggi et al. Idelson-Gnocchi

Lectures. The slides of the lessons are delivered to support the student

Office hours should be planed by e-mail