Degree course: 
Academic year when starting the degree: 
Academic year in which the course will be held: 
First Semester
Standard lectures hours: 


Final Examination: 

Attending students are allowed, at the end of each of the two modules, to take an optional written examination on the topics taught during classes; for each module attending students will be admitted to pass a test. If the outcome, calculated by averaging the results of the tests of the two modules, is positive, the student will be able to take a shorter oral examination, aimed at confirming or varying the already awarded grade.
The final examination will be oral, both for attending students who did not take the optional examination and for non-attending students.

Voto Finale

The course of Elements of law aims to provide students with the basic knowledge related to the field of public law and private law. For this purpose, the course consists of two distinct modules: Elements of public law and Elements of private law.
The first module aims to provide students with the knowledge necessary to understand the functioning of public law institutions and with some methodological tools to analyse the political and institutional dynamics, also with regard to the European Union dimension.
The second module provides students with an overall knowledge of the Italian private legal system, its fundamental institutes and relative discipline. The main objective of the teaching is to allow students to acquire a frame of legal concepts, notions and terminology based on an in-depth understanding of scopes and functions of legal institutes.
Although the two modules are distinct, they are mutually coordinated and both are an integral part of the course.

The topics that will be specifically treated during the lessons are the following:

Module of Elements of public law

The module of Elements of public law focuses on the basics of the Italian constitutional system with special regard to the sources of law, the institutional organization of the State, the inviolable freedoms and the organization of the Italian Regions.
The program, in particular, is structured as follows:
1. Introduction. 2. Forms of State and forms of government. 3. Supranational organizations and European Institutions. 5. The Parliament. 6. The Government. 7. The President of the Republic. 8. The Judiciary. 9. The Constitutional Court. 10. Regions and local Authorities. 11. The public Administration. 12. Individual and collective freedoms.

Module of Elementi di private law

The course of Private Law focuses on fundamental legal concepts and notions typical of the Italian legal system.
The program, in particular, is structured as follows:
1. legal system and interpretation of the law. 2. Physical and legal persons. 3. Goods and property law. 4. Introduction on obligations. 5. Sources of obligations. 6. Tort law. 7. Contract law.

The textbooks for the examination are the following ones:
- For the module of Elements of public law: M. D’Amico, G. D’Elia, Diritto costituzionale, Franco Angeli, Milano, 2012;
- For the module of Elements of private law: F. Galgano, Istituzioni di diritto privato, Cedam, Padova, last edition available, or P. Trimarchi, Istituzioni di diritto privato, Giuffré, Milano, last edition available.
It is essential to consult an update edition of the Italian Civil Code and the Complementary Legislation (for example the Civil Code edited by G. De Nova, Zanichelli, Bologna).


The course includes 60 hours of classroom teaching, divided, as indicated above, between two modules of 30 hours each. The classes will be taught by the two professors in charge of the respective modules.

Lecturers’ office hours are posted on the Notice Board page of the Department’s website. Both lecturers are available at any time to address individual student questions at: