Degree course: 
Corso di First cycle degree in Nursing
Academic year when starting the degree: 
Academic year in which the course will be held: 
Seat of the course: 
Varese - Università degli Studi dell'Insubria
First Semester
Standard lectures hours: 

No prerequisites are needed

Final Examination: 

CHEMISTRY AND PROPEDEUTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY: The exam (Chemistry section) consists of 30 multiple choice quizzes that are evaluated as follows:
- with 1 point for the first 16 correct answers
- with 2 points for the seventeenth correct answer
- with 1 point for the further 12 correct answers up to the twenty-ninth
- with the praise for the thirtieth correct answer
The 30 quizzes of each exam are prepared starting from a single large archive of questions and assorted by groups of difficulties and topic in a random way, so that all the exams are as homogeneous as possible. Representative examples of the questions in the archive will be proposed during the class for the purpose of exercise and preparation to the exam.

BIOLOGY: quiz of 31 questions with 4 answers to choose, and 1 right answer to give.

The examination of the integrated course of Biomedical Sciences is unique, as for all integrated courses, and includes the two disciplines that are part of it. Note that:
- the final vote is unique, and represents the average for the assessments obtained in the two disciplines;
- insufficiency in a discipline compromises the outcome of the whole exam, which must be repeated with a new registration; the positive results in the Chemistry test can still be validated for the subsequent exams within the year, so it is not requested to repeat the test;
- in the exam sessions which include two dates, it is usually possible to register for only one of them. Therefore, in the case of a negative result in the Chemistry test performed in the first date, it is not possible to repeat the test in the following date of the same session.

Voto Finale

Knowing the chemical basis of biological phenomena, mostly those important in physiology, diseases, and clinical practice, at the level of cells, tissues and total body. Approaching the own language and method of experimental life sciences.

BIOLOGIA, Docente Giovanni Porta
The molecular, cellular, tissue and systemic scale of the human physio-pathology explained by the the biological and genetic point of view. Introduce the dictionary of the experimental and biological science applied to medicine. The knowledge of the pathological phenotype as the interaction of the genotype with the environment.

1) CHEMICAL BONDS. Covalent and ionic bonding, molecules and crystals

2) SOLUTIONS. Water properties, solvation and electrolytes, hydrogen bond, concentration of the solutions.

3) ACID-BASE BALANCE. Fundamentals (strength of the acids and the bases pH, pK), buffering, biological buffers, Handerson-Hasselbalch equation

4) BIOENERGETICS (I). Principles of the thermodynamics, free energy and spontaneous reactions, high-energy bonds.

5) BIOENERGETICS (II). Redox potentials, redox pairs of particular biological importance, oxidative phosphorylation.

6) ENZYMES. Reaction rate and chemical equilibrium, catalysts and biological catalysis, specificity and control of enzymatic reactions

7) ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. Functional groups: alcohol, aldehydes, ketones, carboxyl acids, amines. Nomenclature and main characteristics. Main types of isomers. Aromatic compounds.

8) LIPIDS. Fatty acids, triglycerides and phospholipids. Detergents and micelles. NUCLEIC ACIDS. Nitrogenous bases and nucleotides, DNA and RNA

9) CARBOHYDRATES. Monosaccharides, pentoses, hexoses, anomers and epimers; glycosidic bond, di- and polysaccharides

10) AMINOACIDS AND PROTEINS. General structure and properties of the main side chains. Peptide bond and protein structure.


The function of DNA

The structure of DNA

Duplication of DNA

Semi-conservative duplication

Replication fork




Proteic Syntesis

Genetic code

Bacteric ricombination


The mitosis

The meiosis


Examples of mutations

Molecular biology

All didactic material presented in the classes as well the one necessary for the preparation of the examination (slides, pantries, exercises) is available in the e-learning platform.

Textbook suggested according to the individual preferences (written in Italian).

M. Samaja, R. Paroni - Chimica e Biochimica per le lauree triennali dell’area biomedica – Piccin editore (simple but complete, suitable for the Biochemistry class too).

Fiecchi A., Galli Kienle M., Scala A, Chimica e propedeutica biochimica - edi ermes editore (synthetic and complete);

Stefani S., Taddei N. - Chimica, Biochimica e Biologia applicata - Zanichelli editore (more details and points of view);

Roberti R., Alunni Bistocchi G., Elementi di Chimica e Biochimica - McGraw Hill editore (very simple and synthetic).
Text provided in the e learning platform
text: Tiepolo Laudani , Le basi biologiche dell'Ereditarietà ed La Goliardica Pavese.
All the slides and the exercises shown in classes is available in the e learning platform

Oral lessons

Further information can be obtained in class or at