HISTORY OF MEDICINE
A good general knowledge acquired by the media and literary texts.
The Course tries to promote the competence of the students in some medical humanities. In details as follows:
Training the students for a coherent ethical reasoning in biomedical contexts of research, practice and work; fostering the personal skills in perceiving a moral dilemma, in justifying an individual evaluation and in dealing with a disagreement inside the staff; implementing the competences in narrative ethics.
Providing the theoretical basis of psychology for professional practice.
The course objective is to make the student conscious of the importance of the legal relationship between health professional and patient.
HISTORY OF MEDICINE (SM):
The main objective of the course is to provide students with educational tools useful for understanding the History of Medicine
At the end of the course, the student is expected to have acquired the following skills:
1) Knowledge of History of Medicine
2) To understand the fundamental issues for different medical specialties
3) Knowledge of the main historical events of medicine
4) Be able to recognize the most common pathologies in osteoarchaeological findings
5) To understand the meaning of pathocenosis
Definition of biomedical ethics; bioethics at the beginning and end of life; ethical issues in the research, in the clinical practice (truth telling, confidentiality, consent and so on), in the public health care (justice, vaccination, organ transplantation, animal rights, and so on) [for details, see the index of the suggested handbooks].
SUMMARY OF THE COURSE (list of topics) -Definition of psychology: -The Cognitive functions; -Intelligence; -Emotions; -Personality; Communication; -Helping Relationship
COMPLETE PROGRAMME OF THE COURSE (explanation of the topic covered in the program summary):
-Psychology: definition, origins, orientation, method; the psychology in training of healthcare worker
-The cognitive functions: consciousness and surveillance, attention, perception, memory, learning, thought, language
-Motivation: pulsing theory; cognitive theory, motivations systems
-Emotions: emotions theory
-Personality: explanation, treatment, psychodynamic theory, cognitive development, attachment, coping strategy
-Communication, helping relationship
The course will address key forensic issues in the light of the health care professional-patient relationship. In individual subjects we will try to highlight the significance of the rule so as to enable the student to its application in clinical practice.
In particular the frontal lessons are focused on the following topics:
1. Informed consent
3. Organ transplantation
5. Scope of medicine
6. INPS – INAIL
8. In vitro fertilisation
11. Legal report
1) Introduction to History of Medicine and the prehistory of the cure
2) Methods for the study of ancient human remains
4) Medicine of the Ancient near East
5) Egyptian medicine
6) Greek-Roman medicine
7) Medicine of the Middle Ages and monastic medicine. The Salerno school and the Universities
8) Anatomical theaters
9) Medicine of the Modern Age
10) History of medicine of the Renaissance period
11) The 20th century and the new frontiers of medicine.
P.M. Cattorini, Bioetica.Metodo ed elementi di base per affrontare problemi clinici, Elsevier, Milano, 4th ed. , 2011; P.M. Cattorini, Bioetica e cinema, FrancoAngeli, Milano, 2° ed. 2006; T.L. Beauchamp – J.F. Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, Oxford Univ. Press, last edition; G.Boniolo-P.Maugeri, Eds., Etica alle frontiere della biomedicina Milano, Mondadori, 2014; D. Neri, La bioetica in laboratorio, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2005. A written multiple choice test is eventually submitted.
GEN. PSYCHOLOGY:David G. Myers Psicologia generale Un’introduzione al pensiero critico e all’indagine scientifica. Ed Zanichelli
Mario Tavani, Mario Picozzi, Gabriella Salvati, Manuale di deontologia medica, Giuffrè Editore, 2007.
Mario Picozzi, Il Trapianto di organi. M. Picozzi - Ed. Franco Angeli
Mario Picozzi, Fino a quando? La rinuncia ai trattamenti sanitari, San Paolo Editore, 2012.
Slides of the lessons
Giuseppe Armocida, Bruno Zanobio. Storia della Medicina. Seconda Edizione aggiornata, 2002.
Marta Licata. Questioni emergenti in Osteoarcheologia, 2016.