ETHICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL LEGAL PRINCIPLES

Degree course: 
Corso di First cycle degree in Dental Hygiene
Academyc year when starting the degree: 
2018/2019
Year: 
1
Academyc year when helding the course: 
2018/2019
Credits: 
5
Period: 
First Semester
Standard lectures hours: 
60
Requirements: 

A good general knowledge acquired by the media and literary texts.

Final Examination: 
Orale

BIOETHICS
A written multiple choice test (10/20 questions about the whole course-contents) is eventually submitted. The test shows the reached level of theoretical knowledge, of ethics-applying skills and of other competences in medical humanities.

Each discipline examination has to be passed, to get a positive result in the whole Integrated Course.
The Commissione will eventually propose the average marks.

GEN. PSYCHOLOGY:
oral examination

LEGAL MED.:
The exam consists in an oral exam aiming to define the knowledge and comprehension (20%), application skills of theory (25%), autonomous judgement (20%), communication skills (15%) and learning ability (20%). The mark is expressed in thirtieths.

SM:The exam consists of an oral test that deals with issues related to the program

Assessment: 
Voto Finale

The Course tries to promote the competence of the students in some medical humanities. In details:

BIOETHICS.
Training the students for a coherent ethical reasoning in biomedical contexts of research, practice and work; fostering the personal skills in perceiving a moral dilemma, in justifying an individual evaluation and in dealing with a disagreement inside the staff; implementing the competences in narrative ethics.

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY (PG):
Providing the theoretical basis of psychology for professional practice

LEGAL MEDICINE (ML):
The course objective is to make the student conscious of the importance of the medical/legal relationship between health professional and patient.

HISTORY of MEDICINE (SM):
to provide students with educational tools useful for understanding the History of Medicine
At the end of the course, the student is expected to have acquired the following skills:
1) Knowledge of History of Medicine
2) To understand the fundamental issues for different medical specialties
3) Knowledge of the main historical events of medicine
4) Be able to recognize the most common pathologies in osteoarchaeological findings
5) To understand the meaning of pathocenosis

BIOETHICS:
Definition of biomedical ethics; bioethics at the beginning and end of life; ethical issues in the research, in the clinical practice (truth telling, confidentiality, consent and so on), in the public health care (justice, vaccination, organ transplantation, animal rights, and so on) [for details, see the index of the suggested handbooks].

GEN.PSYCHOLOGY:
SUMMARY OF THE COURSE (list of topics) -Definition of psychology: -The Cognitive functions; -Intelligence; -Emotions; -Personality; Communication; -Helping Relationship
COMPLETE PROGRAMME OF THE COURSE (explanation of the topic covered in the program summary):
-Psychology: definition, origins, orientation, method; the psychology in training of healthcare worker
-The cognitive functions: consciousness and surveillance, attention, perception, memory, learning, thought, language
-Intelligence
-Motivation: pulsing theory; cognitive theory, motivations systems
-Emotions: emotions theory
-Personality: explanation, treatment, psychodynamic theory, cognitive development, attachment, coping strategy
-Communication, helping relationship

LEGAL MEDICINE:
The course will address key forensic issues in the light of the doctor-patient relationship. In individual subjects will try to highlight the significance of the rule so as to enable the student to its application in clinical practice.
In particular the frontal lessons are focused on the following topics:
1. Informed consent
2. Privacy
3. Organ transplantation
4. Research
5. Scope of medicine
6. INPS – INAIL
7. Abortion
8. In vitro fertilisation
9. Euthanasia
10. Overtreatment
11. Legal report

SM:1) Introduction to History of Medicine and the prehistory of the cure
2) Methods for the study of ancient human remains
3) Paleopathology
4) Medicine of the Ancient near East
5) Egyptian medicine
6) Greek-Roman medicine
7) Medicine of the Middle Ages and monastic medicine. The Salerno school and the Universities
8) Anatomical theaters
9) Medicine of the Modern Age
10) History of medicine of the Renaissance period
11) The 20th century and the new frontiers of medicine.

BIOETHICS:
P.M. Cattorini, Bioetica.Metodo ed elementi di base per affrontare problemi clinici, Elsevier, Milano, 4th ed. , 2011; P.M. Cattorini, Bioetica e cinema, FrancoAngeli, Milano, 2° ed. 2006; T.L. Beauchamp – J.F. Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, Oxford Univ. Press, last edition; G.Boniolo-P.Maugeri, Eds., Etica alle frontiere della biomedicina Milano, Mondadori, 2014; D. Neri, La bioetica in laboratorio, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2005.

GEN. PSYCHOLOGY:David G. Myers Psicologia generale Un’introduzione al pensiero critico e all’indagine scientifica. Ed Zanichelli

LEGAL MED.:
Mario Tavani, Mario Picozzi, Gabriella Salvati, Manuale di deontologia medica, Giuffrè Editore, 2007.
Mario Picozzi, Il Trapianto di organi. M. Picozzi - Ed. Franco Angeli
Mario Picozzi, Fino a quando? La rinuncia ai trattamenti sanitari, San Paolo Editore, 2012.

SM:
Slides of the lessons
Giuseppe Armocida, Bruno Zanobio. Storia della Medicina. II ed., 2002.
Marta Licata. Questioni emergenti in Osteoarcheologia, 2016.

BIOETHICS:
By following the introductory exposition by the professor, and by dealing with concrete situational problems, cognitive knowledge, emotional discernment, communicating competence and ethics-applying skills are fostered and trained. Theories, principles, ways of reasoning, logical rules, linguistic ambiguities, styles of behaviour and moral questions are presented, commented and analyzed in a pluralistic manner. Relevant key words and issues will be debated and interdisciplinary professional dilemmas will be criticized and evaluated.
Narrative texts, especially motion pictures, will involve the group in the emotional heart of complex cases, outline the social imaginary, help the expression of individual insights and feelings, prepare a mature staff decision.

GEN. PSYCHOLOGY: slides as educational material.

LEGAL MED.:The course consists in 12 hours of lectures (1 CFU). The lectures are supported by the projection of PPT slides. The minimum attendance frequency required is 75% of

SM:
Frontal lessons and interactive discussion.

BIOETHICS:
Email Address: paolo.cattorini@uninsubria.it
Reception Hours: for more information and individual consultation in “Padiglione Antonini”, via Rossi 9, Varese, the student is invited to preliminarily contact the Professor at his email address.

PSYCHOLOGY:by email appointment with prof. Morresi. mcristinamorresi@yahoo.it

LEGAL MED.The Professor is available for further clarification and doubts only by appointment, after an e-mail request. The Professor answers only e-mail signed and coming from the domain@studenti.uninsubria.it.
mario.picozzi@uninsubria.it

SM (Hist. of Med.):
Students reception by appointment
marta.licata@uninsubria.it

Modules