Degree course: 
Corso di Second cycle degree in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
Academyc year when starting the degree: 
Academyc year when helding the course: 
Course type: 
Supplementary compulsory subjects
First Semester
Standard lectures hours: 
Detail of lecture’s hours: 
Lesson (32 hours)

Basic knowledges about cellular organization, different animal tissues and mechanisms of transmission of genetic informations are strictly requesterd. Good knowledge on the body plan and on the principal functional adaptations of the main animal phylum are also needed.

Final Examination: 

The final examination will consist in an oral discussion on the relevant parts of the course and a ppt presentation on a specific topic assigned to each student at the end of the course. The type of interaction during the course, the level of knowledge of the different parts of the program, the use of correct terminology and a clear and convincing presentation will contribute to the definition of the exam score.

Voto Finale

The purpose of the course is to underline the importance of inter - and intraspesific relationships in evolutionary processes. The characteristics of the different symbiotic associations, the origin and evolution of parassitism and the strategies of cohexistence and coevolution of the host-parasite relationships will be taken into consideration. The principal and most common human and animal parasites will be presented. The student will acquire a good knowledge of the life cycles and pathogenicity of the most common unicellular and pluricellular parasites and will also be able to understand the mechanisms of the interactions between individuals and between species.

The general aspects of symbiosis with specific reference to the costs/benefits trade off between the two partners, the importance of symbiosis as a source of evolutionary innovation, the different types of association (intracellular-, photosynthetic- and intestinal symbioses) and the Serial Endosymbiotic Theory will be briefly discussed in the first three lessons of the course. The producers/scroungers relationships, the morphological, trophic and reproductive adaptations of parasites, parasite-host coexistence and coevolution strategies will be approached in three lessons more. The remaining ten lessons will be used to take into consideration the most common human and animal parasites analyzing their life cycles, geographic distribution, epidemiology, and pathogenicity.

Textbooks, reviews and research articles will be suggested during the course

Lectures and discussion of research articles. Powerpoint presentations and original articles will be provided at the end of each lesson.

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