THEORY, TECHNIQUES AND DIDACTICS OF WINTER SPORTS
- Assessment methods
- Learning objectives
- Teaching methods
No requisites are required
Oral examination based on questions related to the programme. The student will be asked both generic and specific questions. The goal of the exam is to check the level of achievement of the previously stated educational objectives and to assess the knowledge level of the covered subjects.
- Understanding theory, techniques and didactics of some of the winter sports disciplines will be worth 30% of the final grade.
- Acquiring the necessary tools for an appropriate fitness training, related to the sport discipline in question, taking into account the subject age, will be worth 50% of the final grade.
- Understanding the importance of functional training will be worth 10% of the final grade.
- A mastery of the specific language and clarity of expression will be worth 10% of the final grade.
Once completed the course, the student will be able to:
-Understanding theory, technique and didactics of some of the winter sports disciplines.
-Learning the necessary tools for an appropriate fitness training related to the sport discipline in question, taking into account the subject age.
-Understanding the importance of functional training.
Frontal classes will address the following topics:
1° Introduction to the course of Technical Theory and Didactics of Winter Sports
Introduction to the course of Technical Theory and Winter Sports Teaching – Historical background - I.F.W.S (F.I.S.I) - Snow Sports - Sports on Ice - I.F.W.S (F.I.S.I) and its disciplines - Olympics - Winter Olympic Games
2° Downhill Skiing
The basic technique - Methodology - Basic motor patterns- Abilities - Skills - Skiing and its characteristics - Technical skills - Analysis of the tool used by the skier - Glossary of technical terms – Balance in skiing
3° Psychological characteristics of the skier
Concentration and flexible attentive Focus – Visualization skills- Tactic Skills - Error response - Motivation - Determination
4° Kids and skiing practice from first steps to agonism
The child and his characteristics - The child and the ski school - The childhood from 5 to 7 years old- The childhood from 8 to 11 years old - The pre-adolescent…no more kid, but boy - Competitive level categories- Types of races - Specialization in different categories – The teaching - Athletes management in youth sector - Teaching Methodology
5° Ski racing
Feet position during the turn technique - The main movements - The 4 transversal balances at all levels - Physical forces - Muscles and forces - The competitive turn technique - Shift phase – Downhill skiing specialties; technical analysis and training methodology - Giant GS - Special SL - Descent DH - Super Giant SG - Super combined
6° The athletic training in Downhill Skiing
Planning of athletic training related to athletes - Pre-ski Lessons related to a group of adults - The method and the training planning- Practice exercise
Introduction – The four movements – Laterality – The tool - Balances – The technique; Sliding; Edges; Changes of directions; Turn technique sequences; Grabbing; Rotations, Spins rotations; Slining - Baby snowboarder – Freeride – Freestyle – Snowboarder cross
8° Aspects of athletic training in snowboarding
Methods of training – Aspects of athletic training in different specialties of snowboarding – The balance – Muscle elasticity and joint mobility – PNF – Kinesthetic sensitivity – Sense perception abilities –Body image
9° Cross-country skiing
The effectiveness of technical movements – Historical background – Techniques: skated and skating; changing direction in cross-country skiing and downhill technique – The equipment
10° Athletic cross-country skiing
Aspects characterizing the athletic training in cross-country skiing – Motivations – The super compensation – the cyclical organization of the stimulus – The planning – A session of athletic training – Insights: ATP and energetic sources, the energetic mechanisms or metabolic pathways – The aerobic training and its functional adaptations – Max VO2 – Some tests to deduce the VO2 max – Training Renge – Charter of Children Fundamental Rights in Sports
11° The functional training
Functional training – Core – Core Training – Practice exercise: let’s build together a functional training for downhill skiing
12° Athletic Tests
The importance of tests - Essential requirements of a test – Test classification – Factors that may influence test results - Performance Evaluation tests ( some examples )
13 No to early “technicism”, yes to multilateral training
The game _ The multirateral training – Sports culture : what is it about - No to “technicism” , yes to a multilateral and multisport training – Transfer _ Generalized motor program
The professor will provide PPT slides during the classes. PPT slides will also be available to download from the e-learning university website.
The course foresees 24 hours of frontal lessons through theoretical explanations, related to practical aspects, using videos, real examples and specific exercises in the classroom. (3 CFU). Classes are bolstered by the screening of PPT slides. Class absences cannot exceed an upper limit of 50%.