Basic background in general biology, cytology and histology.
The written exam is organized in two parts, each of 10 questions. Written exam consisting of both multiple-answer questions (multiple choice, true/false, matching) and questions with clear answers on the topics covered during the course. The exam is structured allowing to check the acquisition of various information about the discipline and to assess the correct scientific language. The student must demonstrate knowledge of the topics covered during the course describing the various animal forms from the standpoint of structural, functional and systematic. The test is deemed passed with a vote of at least 18/30.
General knowledge and ability to understand the basic principles of the animal life. Learning of animal form and function (several phyla). Bauplan: symmetry, metameric organization and body cavity. Studies of main functional systems: Energy and exchange (feeding, gas exchange, circulatory system, osmoregulation); Communication (nervous system, endocrine system, reproductive hormons/reproduction, immune system). Biodiversity. Systematic and phylogeny. Description of principal animal phyla.
Biology of animal organisms
Morphological and functional aspects
Cellular and molecular aspects
Mechanisms of reproduction and development
Introduction to the course. Origin and history of life on the earth. Procaryotic and eukaryotic organisms, development of multicellularorganisms: Metazoa. Evolutionary theories,linnean system of classifica-tion,modern systematic theories.The species, the origin of new species , adaptation and natural selection. Morphological characteristics and phylogeny of the main animal phyla: Protozoa, Porifera, Cnidaria, Ctenophora, Plathelminthes. Pseudoccoelomates (Nematoda, Rotifera). Celomates protostomes (Mollusca, Annelida); deuterostomes (echinodermata and Cordata).
Students can chose the text to use.
The programs combine courses and lab studies to teach students about animals as individuals, groups, and members of a species.