- Assessment methods
- Learning objectives
- Teaching methods
To fully understand the topics addressed in the present course, students should pos-sess basic notions of cellular biology, genetics, human anatomy, physiology and pa-thology.
The learning outcomes will be assessed by an oral interview on any topic selected from the syllabus.
At the end of the course, students should be able to:
• demonstrate familiarity with the major concepts and theoretical perspectives in eth-ics;
• recognize and critically analyze ethical concerns in biology, medicine and public health;
• distinguish ethical questions from scientific and legal questions and from questions of personal preference, custom, or habit;
• develop and use critical thinking skills to analyze information and situations in or-der to respond and act ethically with regard to scientific research, practice, and tech-nology;
• recognize that while there can usually be several answers or approaches to an ethical question, it is important to present a strong, well-reasoned argument for one’s posi-tion. And then to develop the ability to justify an ethical position;
• Enhance respectful dialogue among individuals with diverse perspectives.
At the end of the course, students should have also the theoretical competences that will allow them to assess ethical reasoning in complex situations and ethical decision making in professional and research practice.
Students will be faced with a set of four key questions that can be used to clarify an ethical problem. In all cases, students will need to ask the following:
What is the ethical question?
What are the relevant facts?
Who or what could be affected by the way the question gets resolved?
What are the relevant ethical considerations?
Introduction to Bioethics and the aims of medicine
Introduction to Clinical Ethics and Ethics consultation
Biomedical and Clinical Research and Ethics Committee
Beginning of Life issues (PMA, Abortion, Embryo stem cells)
End of Life issues (Euthanasia, Living will, Palliative Care)
GenEthics and Human enhancement
Research Biobanks and Big Data
Stem Cells and Cord Blood Stem Cells
Nanotechnology and NanoEthics
Ethics in Health Services Management
Bioethical Dilemmas in Emergency and Disaster Medicine
Slides, documents and scientific papers are supplied by the lecturer. All material can be find on e-learning platform, compatibly with the laws on copyright.
The following reference textbooks are also recommended:
M. Tavani, M. Picozzi, G. Salviati, “Manuale di Deontologia Medica”
M. Picozzi, O. Ferrario, “Il diavolo è nei dettagli. Lotta al terrorismo, ricorso alla tor-tura, ruolo dei medici”
R. Pegoraro, M. Picozzi, A. Spagnolo, “La consulenza di etica clinica in Italia. Lineamenti e prospettive”
M. Picozzi, V. Consolandi, S. Siano, “Fino a quando?”
M. Picozzi, “Trapianto di organi. Realtà clinica e questioni etico-deontologiche?”
The course consists of specialist lessons and Case Reports aimed at creating a direct interaction between students and teacher, in order to stir the students' interest con-cerning the topics of the course.
The case study method challenges students to engage the issues being discussed and to participate actively in the deliberative process (participatory method with discus-sion, debate, questions). Lessons, case reports and the accompanying visual materials are the major source of information for the students, who are also encouraged to fur-ther investigate aspects of special interest, by referring to some recommended text-books.