Degree course: 
Corso di Long single cycle degree (6 years) in School of Dentistry
Academic year when starting the degree: 
Academic year in which the course will be held: 
Course type: 
Basic compulsory subjects
Second semester
Standard lectures hours: 
Detail of lecture’s hours: 
Lesson (54 hours)

Passing the examination of Histology and Embryology

Final Examination: 

Final examination

Voto Finale

Knowledge of the main organs and apparati of the human body. Deep knowledge of the stomatognatic apparatus: bones, muscles, junctions, glands, blood vessels and nerves.

Main reference planes and axis. Nomina anatomica.
Tne bones: general asepcts, morphology, architecture, taxonomy.
The skull. Neurocranium and splancnocranium.
The trunk. The spine and the thoracic cage.
The junctions: taxonomy and functional aspects.
The muscles of the head and neck: masticatory and mimic muscles.
The heart: fibrous skeleton, contractile tissue, specific tissue. Valves and cavities.
The aorta and her branches. Blood vessels of the head and neck.
The small circle: pulmonary arteries and veins.
The superior vena cava: vv.azygos, v.anonima, subclavian and jugular veins. The dural sinuses.
The inferior vena cava: the iliac veins, the portal circulation.
Lymphatic organs: lymph nodes, the thymus, the spleen, the bone marrow.
The nasal and paranasal cavities. The larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs.
The mouth and its vestibule. The tongue. The salivary glands. The pharynx, oesophagus, stomach. Small and large intestine:duedenum, jejunum, ileum. The liver and the bile ducts. The pancreas.

The kidney and the urinary ducts.

Organization of the central nervous system. The brain, brainstem,dienchephalon, telencephalon, cerebellum. The spinal cord; the nerve roots. White and grey matter and their constitution. Spinal nerves and the formation of plexi. Encephalic nerves: origin, pathway and branches. Motor and sensitive pathways. The proprioception and the gut sensitivity.
The ortosymphatetic and parasymphatetic systems.

Martini-Simmons-Tallitsch, Anatomia Umana, Edises
Lloyd DuBrul, Anatomia Orale di Sicher, Edi Ermes

Lessons; multimedial integrations in English; hands-on experience of osteology