Zoology

Degree course: 
Corso di First cycle degree in ENVIRONMENTAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES
Academyc year when starting the degree: 
2016/2017
Year: 
1
Academyc year when helding the course: 
2016/2017
Course type: 
Compulsory subjects, characteristic of the class
Credits: 
6
Period: 
Second semester
Standard lectures hours: 
120
Detail of lecture’s hours: 
Lesson (120 hours)
Requirements: 

Modulo di zoologia/Modulo di biologia applicata alla cellula animale
A good level of general culture

Assessment: 
Voto Finale

Modulo di zoologia
In the course of Zoology the issues of evolution and speciation will be addressed Emphasis will be placed on the reproduction and sexuality, on cycles and reproductive strategies as well as the parental cares. The phylogeny and main criteria for the animal groups classification will be treated. Will also be presented the organization, reproduction and sexuality in Protists. Traits on the Metazoa taxonomic groups will be provided: the early stages of embryonic development, the appearance of body cavities, and origin of Protostomia and Deuterostomia. Description of animal phyla will take place with particular regard to the organization, adaptation and phylogenetic relationships.

Modulo di biologia applicata alla cellula animale
Students will acquire bases of biological processes with particular regard to cells. Particularly, the knowledge of cell structure, cellular processes and organization of tissues and physiology of animal systems will be acquired

Modulo di zoologia
The evolution of life and animal biodiversity
The Darwinian approach, evolution, phylogeny and hierarchical classification, domains and kingdoms of life
Species, and systematic classification and cellular organization
Meaning and mechanisms of reproduction, gametogenesis and animal development

Modulo di biologia applicata alla cellula animale
General Animal Biology (Maurizio F. Brivio)
What are Biological Sciences? General structure of unicellular and multicellular organisms.
The chemistry of life: elements of General Chemistry – the Macromolecules: proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids.
Origin of Life: Origin of prokaryotic cell - Origin of the eukaryotic cell.
Methods and tools of investigation in Biology: Technical microscopy observation and manipulation.
The Cell Biology: General structure of the eukaryotic cell and prokaryotic, cellular substructures, organelles: plasma membrane, RER and protein, lysosomes and degradation, Protein synthesis and sorting, peroxisomes and detoxification, Golgi apparatus and glycosylation, mitochondria and energy.
Basic Biochemistry: The basic cycles - Energy and Oxidative Phosphorylation.
Nucleus and gene expression: Transcription and Translation – Inheritance, genotype and phenotype – Epigenetics.
Cell movement: Cytoskeleton, actin-myosin, tubulin and Ifs. Amoeboid movement, ciliary and flagellar movements.
Germ cells: Meiosis, Fertilization and elements of Development.
Cell Differentiation and Stem Cells.
Cellular cross talk: communication between cells, Interactions, signals and receptors.
Cell cycle, mitosis and cell death (necrosis and apoptosis).
Histology: Cells in their social context
Tissues, organs and systems of animals: Gastrointestinal - Circulatory and Respiratory - Immune System - Excretory - Skeletal muscle - Nervous System
Implication of cell biology in scientific themes of Environmental Interest
Support, protection, movement
Respiration, circulation, excretion
Digestion and Nutrition
Nervous system, sense organs and endocrine system
Origin of eukaryotes, protists and protozoa
The origin of multicellularity and Porifera
The radiation (Cnidaria and Ctenophora)
Acoelomates (Platyhelminthes, Nemertea, Gnatostomulidi)
Pseudocoelomates (Rotifera, Acanthocephala, Gastrotricha, Nematoda, Nematomorpha)
Coelomates (Molluscs, Annelids, Arthropods)
The Deuterostome (Echinodermata and Emichordata, Chordata)

Modulo di zoologia
C.P. Hickman, Jr. S. Roberts, S.L. Keen, D.J. Eisenhour, A. Larson, H. L'Anson (2016). Fondamenti di Zoologia. McGraw – Hill
C.P. Hickman Jr., L.S. Roberts, S.L. Keen, D.J. Eisenhour, A. Larson H. L'Anson (2016). Diversità animale. McGraw - Hill

Modulo di biologia applicata alla cellula animale
Information will be provided to the students online, textbooks will be suggested at the opening of the course

Professors

MORELLI CARLO EMILIO

Parent course