FONDAMENTI MORFOLOGICI DELLA VITA

Degree course: 
Academic year when starting the degree: 
2016/2017
Year: 
1
Academic year in which the course will be held: 
2016/2017
Credits: 
3
Period: 
First Semester
Standard lectures hours: 
48
Requirements: 

None

Final Examination: 
Orale

Final examination

Assessment: 
Voto Finale

Knowledge of the structure and of the main functions of the cell.
Knowledge of the structure and taxonomy of the tissues.
Knowledge of the main organs and apparates of the human body.

HISTOLOGY
The cell membrane: structure, functions, special structures.
The nucleus: morphology, composition, DNA, perinuclear cisterna.
Cytoplasm organs: SER, RER, the ribosome, protein synthesis, lysosomes and the phagocytosis, mitocondria, centrioles (structure and functions).
Life functions of the cell: metabolism, mitosis, meiosis.

Epitelial tissues; esocrine and endocrine glands.
Connective tissues: dense, lax, cartilage, bone, blood, adipose tissue.
Muscular tissues: smooth, striated, cardiac.
Nervous tissue: neurons, glia, neuromuscular junction, synapses.

ANATOMY
Body scheme and parts. The anatomical position. reference planes and axis. Nomina anatomica.

Tne bones. Gross anatomy, architecture, taxonomy.
The skull. Neurocranium and splancnocranium.
The trunk. The spine and the thoracic cage.
The skeleton of the upper limb. The skeleton of the lower limb. The junctions: taxonomy and functional aspects. The muscles: general and functional aspects.

The heart: fibrous skeleton, contractile tissue, the specific tissue. Valves and cavities. Arteries, veins and capillaries: significance and implications of collateral circles and anastomoses. The aorta and her branches. The small circle. Venous drainage of the dura mater. The portal circulation.
Lymphatic organs: lymph nodes, the thymus, the spleen, the bone marrow. Lymph nodes of the neck, the thorax, the abdomen, the limbs.
The nasal and paranasal cavities. Larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs.

The mouth and its vestibule. The tongue. The salivary glands. The pharynx, oesophagus, stomach. Small and large intestine:duedenum, jejunum, ileum. The liver and the bile ducts. The pancreas.

The kidney and its parts. The urinary tract. The male and female urethra.

Organization of the central nervous system. The brain, brainstem,dienchephalon, telencephalon, cerebellum. The spinal cord; the nerve roots. White and grey matter and their constitution. Motor and sensitive pathways. The proprioception and the gut sensitivity.

Tortora-Nielsen, Principi di Anatomia Umana, Ambrosiana
Martini-Simmons-Tallitsch, Anatomia Umana, Edises
Saladin, Anatomia Umana, Piccin
Bentivoglio et al., Anatomia Umana e Istologia, Minerva medica
Bareggi et al., Anatomia Umana, Idelson Gnocchi
Cattaneo, Compendio di Anatomia Umana, Monduzzi

Lessons

None

Modules